中国2020学车驾照考试科目四题库 英文英语 driving license test 4第四部分

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中国2020学车驾照考试科目四题库 英文英语 driving license test 4第四部分:https://www.ddwk123.com/archives/92037

If a fast-moving motor vehicle has a steering failure, using emergency braking will not cause an overturn.

Answer: Wrong

When steering failure happens suddenly, if the road condition permits straight movement, drivers should not apply emergency braking.

Answer: Right

If a fast moving vehicle has a steering failure, using emergency braking can easily cause an overturn.

Answer: Right

When a motor vehicle has deviated from the straight moving direction and an accident is unavoidable, the driver should decisively and continuously depress the brake pedal so as to shorten the stopping distance and reduce the impact of vehicle collision.

Answer: Right

When steering failure happens to a fast moving motor vehicle, what should the driver do?

Apply emergency braking

Immediately change to a low gear

Reasonably use the driving brake and the stopping brake and refrain from applying emergency braking

Turn on the hazard lamps Answer: BCD

When braking failure happens to a fast-moving motor vehicle, what should be done by the driver to brake?

Continuously depressing the brake pedal

Immediately changing to a low gear to reduce speed and using the handbrake

Swiftly depressing the clutch pedal

Swiftly pulling up the handbrake Answer: B

When there is a sudden braking failure on a downhill road, what should be done by the driver?

Driving to an emergency lane and reducing speed to stop

Dropping the gear by two positions

Changing to the reverse gear to force the vehicle to stop

Reducing speed by pulling up the handbrake Answer: A

When there is a braking failure on a downhill road, what should not be done by the driver?

Steering the motor vehicle to the uphill direction

Stopping the vehicle by rubbing the vehicle body against the rocks or trees on roadside

Driving to the emergency lane and stop the vehicle there

Pulling up the stopping brake or change the gear to two positions lower

Answer: D

When there is a braking failure on a downhill road, if there is no other alternative, the driver may rub the vehicle body against the rocks and trees on roadside to force the vehicle to slow down and stop.

Answer: Right

When there is a braking failure on a downhill road the driver should change the gear to one position or two positions lower, and control the speed by taking advantage of the braking role of the engine.

Answer: Right

When there is a braking failure, the driver should first control the direction and then try to control the speed.

Answer: Right

When there is a braking failure on a downhill road, the driver should immediately try to find and drive to an emergency lane; after stopping the vehicle on the emergency lane, the driver should pull up the stopping brake so as to prevent a second danger arising from the vehicle sliding.

Answer: Right

When there is a braking failure on a downhill road, if there is no favorable terrain or opportunity to stop the vehicle, the driver should drop gear by one position or two positions, and control the speed by taking advantage of the braking role of the engine.

Answer: Right

In which ones of the following ways can motor vehicle drivers effectively prevent braking failure?

Maintaining the braking system periodically

Checking the free brake pedal travel before driving

Using the braking system correctly to avoid brake-fade

For vehicles with hydraulic braking system, checking if the brake fluid leaks before driving

Answer: ABCD

When there is a sudden braking failure on the road, what should be done by the driver?

Firmly holding the steering wheel and controlling the direction

Immediately changing to a low gear to reduce speed

Using the stopping brake to reduce speed

Turning on the hazard lamps Answer: ABCD

When there is a sudden braking failure on a downhill road, in which ones of the following ways can drivers reduce speed?

Driving onto the emergency lane and reduce speed and stop there

Rubbing the vehicle body against the rocks or trees on roadside

Pulling up the handbrake first

Immediately changing to a low gear Answer: ABD

What should a driver do when the engine stalls suddenly on the road?

Apply emergency braking to stop the vehicle

Slow down and stop the vehicle

Change to neutral gear and coast

Shut down the ignition switch Answer: B

When the engine suddenly stalls on the road and cannot be restarted, the driver should apply emergency braking to force the vehicle to stop as fast as possible.

Answer: Wrong

When the engine suddenly stalls on the road and cannot be restarted, the driver should pull over in a timely fashion and identify the cause of the stalling.

Answer: Right

When the engine suddenly stalls on the road, what should the driver do?

Stop the vehicle and overhaul it immediately

Immediately turn on the hazard lamps

Move the vehicle to a place where it will not obstruct the traffic flow

Set up a breakdown warning sign Answer: BCD

When a collision occurs on the passenger seat side or the impact is relatively small, which of the following methods is incorrect?

Firmly holding the steering wheel

Stretching both feet forward

Jumping out of the vehicle from one side

Leaning body backwards against the seat Answer: C

When a fast-moving vehicle is likely to collide with the vehicle in front, what should the driver do?

Brake to reduce speed first, and then steer to evade

Turn the steering wheel quickly to the left side to evade

Turn the steering wheel quickly to the right side to evade

Steer to evade first, and then brake to reduce speed Answer: A

When a head-on collision with another vehicle is unavoidable, what should the driver do?

Change head-on collision to side collision

Immediately turn the steering wheel to the right side to evade

Immediately apply emergency braking

Immediately turn the steering wheel to the left side to evade

Answer: C

When a motor vehicle accidentally hits the guardrail of the highway, what should be done by the driver in order to keep safe?

Firmly holding and properly adjusting the steering wheel

Turning swiftly to the opposite direction

Immediately applying emergency braking

Immediately steering to the collision side Answer: A

When a motor vehicle accidentally hits the guardrail of a highway, an effective protective measure is to turn dramatically in the opposite direction.

Answer: Wrong

When a motor vehicle accidentally hits a guardrail of a highway, the driver should stabilize and adjust the steering wheel properly, and refrain from turning the steering wheel drastically.

Answer: Right

When driving in thick fog causing poor visibility on the expressway, the driver should apply emergency braking to stop at once.

Answer: Wrong

When the fuel of a motor vehicle catches fire, which of the following things cannot be used to put out the fire?

Sandy soil on the roadside

Cotton-padded clothes

Overalls

Water Answer: D

When the vehicle engine catches fire, what should the driver do first?

Turn off the engine as soon as possible

Extinguish the fire with water

Open the hood to extinguish the fire

Extinguish the fire from the leeward direction Answer: A

Which is the correct way to use a fire extinguisher?

Stand on the leeward side

Direct the fire extinguisher at the source of fire

Try to approach the source of fire as close as possible

Direct the fire extinguisher at the flames Answer: B

When a motor vehicle catches fire, the driver should manage to park the vehicle in an open place far away from urban areas, buildings, trees, other motor vehicles and flammable materials.

Answer: Right

When a motor vehicle catches fire on the expressway the driver should drive the motor vehicle to the service area or the parking lot to extinguish the fire.

Answer: Wrong

When a motor vehicle catches fire, the driver should swiftly turn off the engine and open the hood to extinguish the fire.

Answer: Wrong

When the electric equipment and gasoline of a motor vehicle catches fire, the driver may extinguish the fire with water.

Answer: Wrong

When extinguishing fire, the synthetic-made garments should not be taken off in order to protect the exposed skin from burning.

Answer: Wrong

When extinguishing a fire, the driver should refrain from breathing through mouth or crying loudly Otherwise, the fire and smoke will scorch the upper respiratory tract.

Answer: Right

The driver should take emergency evasion measures when the motor vehicle suddenly self-ignites. Which ones of the following methods are correct?

Spray clean water to extinguish the fire

Report to the police

Use the spare fire extinguisher in the vehicle to put out the fire

Set up a warning sign in the oncoming direction Answer: BCD

When a motor vehicle falls into water and the side door cannot be opened, which of the following methods is correct for self-rescue?

Smash the window glass

Close the windows

Make calls for help

Try to open the door with a tool Answer: A

After a motor vehicle falls into water, the driver should immediately close the windows to prevent water from flowing into the compartment and to keep the air from flowing out. At the same time, he/she should make calls to tell the rescue personnel the place of the accident and wait for their arrival. Answer: Wrong

After a motor vehicle falls into water, the driver won’t be able to open the side doors or windows to escape until water nearly fills up the compartment.

Answer: Right

If a motor vehicle experiences a “water sliding” phenomenon when running on an expressway in rain, what should the driver do?

Slow down by suddenly depressing the brake pedal

Slow down by slowly releasing the accelerator pedal

Turn the steering wheel immediately to adjust the direction

Speed up to increase the displacement of the wheels Answer: B

When driving on the expressway in a heavy rain, what should the driver do to avoid “water sliding” phenomenon?

Install slide-proof devices

Speed up

Slow down

Continue to depress the brake Answer: C

When driving on an expressway in rain, the driver should slow down to avoid steering failure arising from “water slide”

Answer: Right

In rain, the most effective way to avoid the danger arising from “water slide” is to drive at high speed Answer: Wrong

When driving a motor vehicle not equipped with the anti-lock braking system (ABS), what should the driver do if he brakes on a road covered by ice and snow?

Gently or intermittently depress the brake pedal

Depress the brake pedal as on other roads

Violently depress the brake pedal

Suddenly depress the pedal with force Answer: A

On which of the following roads may the wheels be most easily locked when braking?

Concrete road

Dirt road

Road covered by ice and snow

Sand road Answer: C

When braking, the steering will become impossible if the front wheels are blocked

Answer: Right

When braking, side skid or tail swing may occur if the rear wheels are blocked.

Answer: Right

When driving in rain or snow, the driver should turn left to stabilize the vehicle if the motor vehicle slides to the right side.

Answer: Wrong

When a motor vehicle turns at an excessively high speed, it can easily slide sideways.

Answer: Right

When a motor vehicle slides sideways on a road covered by ice and snow, the driver should violently turn the steering wheel to adjust the direction.

Answer: Wrong

When a motor vehicle skids sideways on a muddy road, the driver should turn the steering wheel in the direction of

the rear wheel skidding to properly adjust the direction. Answer: Right

When a motor vehicle slides sideways, how should the driver adjust the direction?

If the front wheels skid sideways, turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid

If the front wheels skid sideways, turn the steering wheel in the opposite direction of the skid

If the rear wheels skid sideways, turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid

If the rear wheels skid sideways, turn the steering wheel in the opposite direction of the skid

Answer: BC

If a motor vehicle is unable to drive in heavy fog on an expressway due to an accident, what should the driver do?

The driver and all passengers should promptly get off the motor vehicle from the left side door

Set up a warning sign 100 meters behind the vehicle in the oncoming direction

Turn on the hazard lamp and the high-beam

Stand in a safe place outside the guardrail Answer: D

When a bus encounters an unexpected situation or an accident, the driver should do his best to minimize the loss and should never cause a secondary accident or even greater loss for the sake of avoiding danger.

Answer: Right

When a motor vehicle encounters an accident on an expressway, the driver and all passengers should not get off the vehicle and walk around at will.

Answer: Wrong

After a traffic accident, what is the most effective measure to prevent secondary accidents?

Evacuate all passengers

Turn on the hazard lamps

Mark the original place of the injured persons

Properly place the danger warning sign Answer: ABD

When a motor vehicle needs to stop for inspection after having an accident on an expressway, where should the driver park?

On the far outer lane

On the inner lane

On the emergency lane

In the triangle area on the ramp Answer: C

When driving on an expressway, where should the driver park?

The service area

The acceleration lane

The deceleration lane

On the ramp Answer: A

For evading an emergency on an expressway, which of the following principles should drivers stick to?

Evading vehicles first and objects later

Evading people first and objects later

Evading vehicles first and people later

Evading objects first and people later Answer: B

When a motor vehicle breaks down and cannot be moved away from the emergency lane or the road shoulder, the driver and all passengers should get off the vehicle and wait on the road side instead of leaving the expressway.

Answer: Wrong

When a motor vehicle breaks down on an expressway and cannot be moved away from the driving lane, the driver may conduct emergency repairs on the driving lane.

Answer: Wrong

Unless stopping due to obstacles or vehicle breakdown on an expressway, motor vehicles are not allowed to stop to pick up or drop off people or load and unload cargo.

Answer: Right

When a motor vehicle breaks down and cannot be moved away from the expressway, the driver and all passengers should stay in the vehicle and wait for the rescue

personnel. Answer: Wrong

When a motor vehicle encounters an emergency on an expressway, the driver should not swiftly turn the steering wheel to evade.

Answer: Right

Which of the following is a basic requirement for rescuing the injured at the scene of a traffic accident?

Treat wounds first and safe life later

Save life first and treat wounds later

Help lightly wounded persons first

Help seriously wounded persons later Answer: B

When a wounded person is beneath the wheel or cargo, we should help him out immediately by pulling the limbs of the wounded.

Answer: Wrong

When a wounded person is unable to get off the vehicle by himself, he should be removed from the vehicle so as to avoid a secondary injury.

Answer: Right

Which of the following method is correct to rescue an unconscious person?

Apply cardio-pulmonaryresuscitation immediately

Press the philtrum of the wounded person with force

Continuously slap the face of the wounded person

Check the breath of the wounded person before other emergency treatments

Answer: D

When carrying a wounded person in a coma, rescue personnel should try to let the unconscious person remain in the supine position.

Answer: Wrong

Rescue personnel should check the breath of the unconscious person before applying any other emergency treatment.

Answer: Right

Which of the following measures should be taken first when rescuing a wounded person suffering blood loss?

Observe

Dress the wounds

Stop bleeding

Inquire Answer: C

When there is no bandage for rescuing a wounded person, which of the following measures is wrong?

Dress the wounds with a handkerchief

Dress the wounds with a towel

Dress the wounds with cotton clothes

Dress the wounds with string Answer: D

When the wounded person is suffering main artery bleeding, where should the rescue personnel press by thumb to stop the bleeding?

The artery near the heart

The artery lower to the wound

The artery further from the heart

The artery in the center of the wound Answer: A

Which of the following materials should not be used to stop bleeding?

Bandage

Sling

Tourniquet

Hemp rope Answer: D

When there is no bandage for rescuing a wounded person, towels, handkerchiefs, bed sheets and stockings can all be used for dressing.

Answer: Right

When rescuing a wounded person suffering blood loss in an emergency, it is necessary to first stop the bleeding by compression before other treatments are taken in accordance with the conditions of bleeding.

Answer: Right

When rescuing a wounded person in coma causing by excessive blood loss, it is necessary to take measures to prevent heat loss.

Answer: Right

Which of the following measures is correct for rescuing a person sustaining full-body burns?

Cover the fire with sandy soil

Spray cool water to his body

Put out the fire by extinguisher

Help to remove the burning clothes Answer: B

When a wounded person suffering burns is thirsty he may drink a small quantity of lightly salty water.

Answer: Right

When a wounded person suffering burns is thirsty, he should only drink plain boiled water.

Answer: Wrong

When rescuing a person sustaining full-body burns the rescue personnel may spray cool water to his body to put out the fire.

Answer: Right

When rescuing a wounded person who has been poisoned by toxic gas, which of the following measures should be taken first?

Prevent heat loss

Bring him to a place with fresh air

Give him artificial respiration

Depress the heart over the chest Answer: B

When rescuing a wounded person who has been poisoned by toxic gas, the first measure is to send him/her to a place with fresh air so that he/she will not continue to be poisoned.

Answer: Right

When rescuing a wounded person suffering from bone fracture, which of the following should be kept in mind?

Immediately send him/her to the hospital on a stretcher

Properly change the original posture when the injured

person wounded

Dress the fracture with a bandage

Do not move the fractured body-part Answer: D

When rescuing a wounded person suffering from spinal fracture, which of the following measures should be taken?

Prevent heat loss

Rescue the wounded person with a soft stretcher

Keep the wounded part in position with a sling

Help the wounded person when walking Answer: C

When there is bleeding at the bone fracture of a wounded person, the first thing to do is to keep it in position before stopping the bleeding and dress the wound.

Answer: Wrong

When removing a wounded person suffering spinal fracture, the rescuer should never help the wounded person to walk. He may be carried away with a soft stretcher.

Answer: Wrong

When a wounded person suffering bone fracture in the thigh, shank or spine, moving the wounded person is usually prohibited.

Answer: Right

When fixing the unexposed bones in position, it is necessary to exceed the upper and lower joints of the wounded body part.

Answer: Right

When there is bleeding at the bone fracture of a wounded person, the first thing to do is to fix the wounded part in position, then stop the bleeding and dress the wound. Answer: Wrong

Gun powder, explosives and detonating powder belong to which of the following dangerous chemicals?

Oxidizing materials

Inflammable solid materials

Explosives

Self-igniting articles Answer: C

Matches, sulfur and red phosphorus belong to which of the following dangerous chemicals?

Explosives

Oxidizing materials

Self-igniting articles

Inflammable solid materials Answer: D

Which of the following is an inflammable solid material?

Matches

Gun powder

Calcium carbide

Explosives Answer: A

Once inflammable gas causes a fire disaster, it should be put out with water in good time.

Answer: Wrong

When an erosive material catches fire, it should not be put out with water cannon.

Answer: Right

Dangerous chemicals possess the characteristics of explosion, inflammation, poison, erosion and radiation.

Answer: Right

When putting out a fire disaster that gives out corrosive steam or poisonous gas, the firefighters should wear gas masks and other related protective articles and operate from the windward side.

Answer: Right

When a gas tanker is leaking heavily, which of the following measures is wrong?

Cut off the power

Wear gas mask and protect gloves

Turn off the valve to stop leaking

Evacuate people to the leeward side Answer: D

The drivers, loaders and supercargoes responsible for dangerous chemicals transportation should all full understand the chemical characteristics, potential risks, features of the packaging containers and emergency

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